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Jews come in all colors, and our diaspora is beautiful and vast! North Africa and the Middle East are among the places from which Jews originated, and we have lived on every continent. We’re a global, multiracial people that’s growing more racially and ethnically diverse through interfaith and interracial marriage, conversion, and adoption.
In the United States, February is Black History Month. It is one among many opportunities for us to acknowledge and reflect upon our collective racial and ethnic diversity, and learn more about the experiences of Jews of African-American descent in particular. There is much to celebrate, but there is also difficult work yet to do. For example, similar to Jews of color of Asian or Latino descent, black Jews frequently experience a phenomenon I call “perpetual stranger status.”
We were all once strangers in the land of Egypt, but because of the dynamics of race in North America—such as unconscious racial bias and social conditioning around stereotypical Jewish traits—Jews of color are perpetual strangers in communal Jewish life. Consequently, we Jews of color often are greeted with long stares or concerned looks, confused for hired help, and constantly asked to explain how or why we are Jewish.
A young biracial Jew once shared with me the negative experience of “people questioning other people's identity. If there are five Jewish people in a room, all of them white except for one person who's black, invariably, one of the white people will ask only the black person: ‘So, how are you Jewish?’”
It is no wonder that after years of so many Jews of color being treated this way, we often do not feel welcome in the Jewish community. I am particularly reminded of this every time I hear that, once again, an African-American Jew has been treated like a suspected criminal at a Jewish institution. Cumulatively, these experiences are deeply hurtful and push Jews and their loved ones away from our sacred community.
When we leave people out, we cut off vision, possibility and power. Jews of color are remarkable and have many stories and lessons that our broader community has yet to hear and learn from us. Racial and ethnic diversity inclusion will play a critical role in guiding us toward the robust Jewish future we seek.
I’m reassured by the fact that our communities and congregations have an important and powerful leadership role to play in acknowledging and addressing this issue, which connects both to audacious hospitality and to tikkun olam.
Here are four things you can do to alleviate “perpetual stranger status” in your community: